Principal Scientific Officer, Karnataka State Council for Science and Technology
Karnataka State Council for Science and Technology, Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore - 560012
Featured in : Forbes India, Time, Business Todayfor his Innovations and contribution to the society on promotion of water conservation and Rainwater Harvesting (RWH).
Mr. A. R. Shivakumar a Scientist, currently Principal Investigator – RWH and Principal Scientific Officer at Karnataka State Council for Science and Technology (KSCST), Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore 560 012, is a Researcher and Technology Promoter.
He joined KSCST in the year 1981 and served in the field of development of village industry equipments and implementation of environment and renewable energy programmes in Karnataka. He is known for his contribution to popularize Solar Water Heaters in the initial period of solar energy promotion between 1984 and 1994.
He served in the field of Decentralized, Sustainable Energy and Water supply utilities for rural villages at "International Energy Initiative - Asia office" as Programme Executive between 1994 and 2000.
Mr Shivakumar was associated with "Indo Norwegian Environment Programme" as Programme Manager and played a key role in implementation of over a dozen environment related major projects in Karnataka between 2000 and 2004.
Mr Shivakumar has initiated several projects and programmes at KSCST since 2004. One of the major contribution of Mr Shivakumar is in developing Rainwater Harvesting programmes both in urban and rural homes of Karnataka. He is instrumental in bringing in policy changes at Government of Karnataka to establish Rainwater Harvesting measures in Government and private buildings.
Mr Shivakumar has extensive field experience and strategic insights into technology development and deployment of cost effective Rainwater Harvesting solutions. His commitment to awareness creation and capacity building on water issues was instrumental in establishing the countries first "Sir M Visvesvaraya Rainwater Harvesting Theme Park" in Jayanagar, Bangalore.
Mr. Shivakumar officiated as the Executive Secretary of KSCST between 2007 and 2010. He brought in several administrative and scientific reforms in the organization and contributed for its growth during this period.
Mr. Shivakumar has several publications and significant number of patents, which are under commercial exploitation to benefit the society. His research experience spans over several fields and areas in applied sciences. He has a "National Award" to his credit, awarded by the Union Government of India in the year 2001 for one of his innovations. He was awarded the "Citizen Extraordinary" by Rotary International in the year 2007. The First Innovation award "Ammulya 2012" for two of his patents was awarded by Government of Karnataka in addition to other state awards and recognitions.
Topic of delivery : “Sustainable Water Supply Strategy for Bangalore - A model for emerging cities in India.”
Water supply for the city of Bangalore in India is always short against the total demand. Surface water is inadequate to meet the demand and the city has to depend on groundwater. Due to rapid urbanization, infiltration of rainwater into the subsoil has decreased drastically and recharging of groundwater has diminished. This scenario requires an alternative source to bridge the gap between demand and supply. Rainwater, which is easily available and is the purest form of water, would be an immediate source to augment the existing water supply by “catching water wherever it falls”. Recycling or reuse of treated water is another source for at least secondary purposes. Karnataka State Council for Science and Technology (KSCST) is actively participating in the socially relevant, environment friendly water conservation measures and has been providing cost effective solutions since its inception 1975. Rainwater Harvesting (RWH) Cell at KSCST is established to study the needs of the people and provide sustainable and simple solutions through innovation and implementation pertinent to Rainwater Harvesting and Ground water recharge. RWH cell established at KSCST is providing policy support to the Government departments for water conservation and rainwater harvesting programmes in Karnataka and other states in India. RWH App is developed with the support of UNESCO by KSCST for web and Mobile users. Blog "RainManSpeaks from Bengaluru" is in the web since April 1st 2014 and has published 81 posts. Quiz and Debate programs are organised to build awareness on rainwater harvesting and water conservation measures among students and faculty of schools and colleges.
Case Study 1
'Sourabha' Ecofriendly home of Bangalore in India is on a plot area of 2400 Sq.ft. This house is entirely dependent on harvested rainwater for all its need including drinking since 1994.
Case Study 2
The strategy for sustainable water supply plan for a city like Bangalore should have the combination of conventional river water supply augmented by the 'New Water' supply sources - a. Rainwater harvesting, b. Ground water recharge with sustainable withdrawal and c. Reuse of waste water through treatment.